Friday, June 30, 2023

The ultimate predator

Nothing more needs to be said.

But a tiny sliver ...

When looking at this pix photographed by yours truly during a train trip to hang out with my brother, one readily sees our take on existence is but a tiny sliver thanks to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, Godel's Incompleteness Theorems and the two laws of thermodynamics as complete knowledge of any given event experienced by us at any point in time is impossible.

In essence, uncertainty defines the ultimate limit on how one views reality.

In terms of Godel ...

i.e. This sentence is false.

Regarding thermodynamics ...

The arrow of time rules.

Passing thru

The Quantum Foam speaks

The Quantum Foam speaks as scientists have now discovered ongoing gravitational waves, generated by massive celestial objects like black holes, roiling the QF fabric of reality 24/7. 

Objects of greater mass produce gravitational waves of lower frequency. For example, the most massive celestial body in the universe, the supermassive black hole binaries (with 100 million to 100 billion times the solar mass) in the center of galaxies, mainly generate gravitational waves in the nanohertz band, with corresponding signal time scales from years to decades. This frequency band also includes gravitational wave contributions from processes of the early universe as well as exotic objects such as cosmic strings.

In Einstein’s reimagined universe, space is not serenely empty, and time does not march smoothly forward. Instead, the powerful gravitational interactions of massive objects — including supermassive black holes — regularly ripple the fabric of space and time. The picture that emerges is a universe that looks like a choppy sea, churned by violent events that happened over the course of the past 13 billion-plus years.

At base level, Quantum Foam is reality ...

Proof positive - Nothing is not nothing at all. :)

Quantum fluctuations or the lack of nothingness rules ... forever. :)


Such gravitational waves are distinct from the kinds that were previously reported from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and other Earth-based detectors. For one thing, the waves spotted via pulsars wouldn’t all be traceable to individual merger events: they would form the so-called gravitational-wave background, the ambient rustling of spacetime built up from cumulative mergers throughout the cosmos. Another important distinction is that in their crest-to-trough span, each of these waves should be approximately the size of our solar system—which counterintuitively makes them much harder to detect. Washing over pulsar-strewn space, these gargantuan swells in spacetime could betray their presence via minuscule offsets to the dead stars’ spins, allowing observers to glimpse them through painstaking measurements. In a collection of five papers released today, that is essentially what NANOGrav claims to have done.

Wednesday, June 28, 2023

Dante's Inferno looms ...

 56 million year-old Eocene global warming may indicate a wetter future

Modelling of mean surface temperature, precipitation and precipitation-evaporation budgets according to pre-Industrial levels through to worse-case scenarios of carbon dioxide levels nine times that of pre-Industrial conditions. Credit: Cramwinckel et al. 2023

GW, the gift that keeps on gifting, has run amok several times in Earth's history with the greatest heat-up conjectured to have occurred around 56 million years ago, an era known as the PETM, the Paleocene-Ecocene Thermal Maximum, where CO2 concentrations rose above 1000 in ramping up temps15C warmer than today, thus rendering large parts of the world uninhabitable during the PETM  for a period lasting from 20,000 to 50,000 years. 

Researchers hypothesize there were no clouds during the PETM
due to the intense injection of CO2 into the atmosphere.

Note, this was when the world was NOT POLLUTED nor was there habitat loss prior to the PETM event.

Canto I from the Inferno, the first part of the Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri

Inferno (Italian: [iɱˈfɛrno]; Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Italian writer Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy.

Tuesday, June 27, 2023

Vetting data ...

Vetting data is rather important, something often not done right under the rubric of AI, is becoming prevalent as it's cheaper to use AI to verify information than us rubes as seen by a Lever article titled

To whit.

It's all about the money yet again.

Monday, June 26, 2023

Thinking long term ...

In a previous piece, yours truly talked about Google getting serious about AI and why Deep Mind has the gravitas to do a number on Chat GPT due to the extensive experience Google has in all things relating to AI. IMHO, the giant has awaken and all bets are off on how pervasive AI will become as civilization movers further into the 21st century.

IN 2016, AN artificial intelligence program called AlphaGo from Google’s DeepMind AI lab made history by defeating a champion player of the board game Go. Now Demis Hassabis, DeepMind’s cofounder and CEO, says his engineers are using techniques from AlphaGo to make an AI system dubbed Gemini that will be more capable than that behind OpenAI’s ChatGPT.

DeepMind’s Gemini, which is still in development, is a large language model that works with text and is similar in nature to GPT-4, which powers ChatGPT. But Hassabis says his team will combine that technology with techniques used in AlphaGo, aiming to give the system new capabilities such as planning or the ability to solve problems.

AlphaGo was based on a technique DeepMind has pioneered called reinforcement learning, in which software learns to take on tough problems that require choosing what actions to take like in Go or video games by making repeated attempts and receiving feedback on its performance. It also used a method called tree search to explore and remember possible moves on the board. The next big leap for language models may involve them performing more tasks on the internet and on computers. 

Thinking long term applies, does it not?

On the take ...

Yet another SC justice on the take, just another reminder it's all about the money.

Any questions?

Sunday, June 25, 2023

The network effect ...

Everything's connected. From quantum entanglement at the subatomic level to the intricate interactions of life on earth, connectivity reigns supreme, something readily seen with how fungi interacts with almost every living land entity in ways just beginning to be understood.

To whit ...

Fungi, the great connector, is everywhere as without it, life on earth, in its current form, could not exist.

Wednesday, June 21, 2023

3.5" ...

This visualization watches the global mean sea level change through a circular window. The blue mark on the ruler shows the exact measurements of the Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeter Data for Climate Research. The level of the animated water changes more smoothly, driven by a 60-day floating average of the same data.

3.5" is not a big deal unless one sees what 3.5" really means when seeing sea level rise
do its thing over the past 30 years through the lens of a porthole. 

NASA has released a chilling animation showing just how far sea levels have risen in the three short decades its satellites have been monitoring them.

The data visualization, released last week, is the work of Andrew J. Christensen, a data visualizer for the NASA Scientific Visualization Studio. By animating observed changes in global sea level captured by satellites whizzing overhead between 1993 and 2022, the imagery transforms a complex mix of numbers into something far more relatable.

In those 30 years, sea levels have risen by over 9 centimeters (about 3.5 inches). That might not sound like much, only a hand's length, but when those changes are visualized as water lapping at a ship-like window, it starts to feel very real.

From it to bit/rev II


From John Wheeler (1983), Law Without Law. In: Quantum theory and measurement.

The act of observation generates the collapse of the wave function as described by the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, the physics of the very small, an Alice in Wonderland view of the universe writ large when seen under the guise of exquisitely designed experiments showing how this aspect of reality rings true. What's interesting is the fact the act of observation is often anthropomorphized and not viewed as a core element of how existence functions as everything's entangled and decohered outside of the realm of humanity, thus enabling us rubes to see a consistent view of existence save for the extraordinary experiments conducted by physicists obsessed with how reality works at deep level.

Wheeler's insightful notion of existence being an information construct makes sense as the boson, (the photon), the carrier force of the electromagnetic, becomes digital by transitioning into discrete energy packets (quanta) when absorbed by leptons (the electron), a radical solution to the black body problem described in detail by Max Planck in 1900, thus introducing Quantum Mechanics to the world, the prime driver giving rise to the digital age in which we all live.  Prior to absorption,  photons, aka light, exist as analog waves, something readily seen by Thomas Young's brilliant 1801 double slit experiment.

Light as a wave, Thomas Young - 1801

In the final decades of his life, the question that intrigued Wheeler most was: “Are life and mind irrelevant to the structure of the universe, or are they central to it?” He suggested that the nature of reality was revealed by the bizarre laws of quantum mechanics. According to the quantum theory, before the observation is made, a subatomic particle exists in several states, called a superposition (or, as Wheeler called it, a 'smoky dragon'). Once the particle is observed, it instantaneously collapses into a single position.

From wave to bit applies, does it not?

Wheeler: It from bit. Otherwise put, every it—every particle, every field of force, even the space-time continuum itself—derives its function, its meaning, its very existence entirely—even if in some contexts indirectly—from the apparatus-elicited answers to yes-or-no questions, binary choices, bits. It from bit symbolizes the idea that every item of the physical world has at bottom—at a very deep bottom, in most instances—an immaterial source and explanation; that which we call reality arises in the last analysis from the posing of yes-no questions and the registering of equipment-evoked responses; in short, that all things physical are information-theoretic in origin and that this is a participatory universe.[85]

Independent from the human equation regarding observation works for me. :)

John Archibald Wheeler

The ultraviolet catastrophe is the error at short wavelengths in the Rayleigh–Jeans law (depicted as "classical theory" in the graph) for the energy emitted by an ideal black body. The error, much more pronounced for short wavelengths, is the difference between the black curve (as classically predicted by the Rayleigh–Jeans law) and the blue curve (the measured curve as predicted by Planck's law).

Friday, June 16, 2023

Charley's gift to Redding :)


Complexification 101 ...

A black-and-white photograph of Keith Corl in scrubs.

HC in America is in crisis as it's all about the money yet again with doctors, nurses and patients being compromised thanks to the inherent corruption of the system nobody seems to understand, a situation purposely cultivated by the powers at be to keep everyone in the dark regarding an industry no one seems to understand.

HC operates differently than any other business in the world due to the fact billing is separate from services rendered, a notion the Apple's of the world would consider to be patently ridiculous from the get go as Apple can do P&L without question while major hospitals do guesstimates due to the fact the workflow's wrong thanks to the indirect way billing is connected to services rendered.

See chart below

Why is billing separate from services rendered? Well, in medical, procedures are always delineated before diagnosis, a patiently ludicrous concept as a doctor has to diagnose what's going on with a patient before recommending a procedure to help the patient in question. Why is this so? Because it's easier to split the note from the claim, thus gaming the system to make ever more profits, when the two are purposely reversed even though the doctor's note always drives the claim, (Note/Medical | Claim/financial), something HC providers purposely did years ago even though the note/claim entity has been a unified construct as seen in the fields used to define the dataset when the government pushed for the industry to go electronic back in the 1970's.  

The artificial split of the Note/Claim entity. Note/medical | Claim/financial
This split also renders the ability to do effective P&L impossible

Truer words never spoken

The system must change, NOW.

Joan is Awful

Joan is Awful, Black Mirror's clever take on AI, combines quantum computing, a satire on clickbait and last but not least, the elimination of privacy, is a total hoot while being rather disquieting at the same time.

Two questions to ask are ... who do you trust and will AI, as per Bill Joy's brilliant Why the Future doesn't Need Us, take over running things because humanity's doing a rather inept job of managing business on planet earth as we speak. 

No one knows, do one. - Fat Waller

It's all about the money/rev LI

Money rules or Fools rush in where angels fear to tread, applies, in this case, to Microsoft, in launching a product not ready for prime time, designed to beat Google, is problematic at best because again, it's all about the money and not exercising sound business practice as depicted by the two articles seen below. In the long term, yours truly senses the path being taken by Google will prevail regarding AI because Google's been in the game far longer thanks to Deep Mind, the British AI company Google bought back in 2015, Google Translate becoming the language translation engine for the world and last but not least, Google's intense connect to the web via search.

To whit ...

Never do 49%

Money rules ...

And so it goes. - K. Vonnegut

Sunday, June 11, 2023

The art of observation ...

Rev II on the duality of existence or why do we see a consistent view of reality even though Quantum Mechanics, as seen through the lens of precise experiments, shows, without question, the Alice in Wonderland characteristics of Quantum Mechanics to be anything but deterministic. Well, because everything is entangled and decohered, observation, which collapses the wave function, driven by existence 24/7, allows us to experience reality in consistent fashion.

To whit ...

Quantum decoherence is the loss of quantum coherence, the process in which a system's behaviour changes from that which can be explained by quantum mechanics to that which can be explained by classical mechanics. In quantum mechanics, particles such as electrons are described by a wave function, a mathematical representation of the quantum state of a system; a probabilistic interpretation of the wave function is used to explain various quantum effects. As long as there exists a definite phase relation between different states, the system is said to be coherent. A definite phase relationship is necessary to perform quantum computing on quantum information encoded in quantum states. Coherence is preserved under the laws of quantum physics.

If a quantum system were perfectly isolated, it would maintain coherence indefinitely, but it would be impossible to manipulate or investigate it. If it is not perfectly isolated, for example during a measurement, coherence is shared with the environment and appears to be lost with time; a process called quantum decoherence or environmental decoherence. As a result of this process, quantum behavior is apparently lost, just as energy appears to be lost by friction in classical mechanics.

When the entanglement of a particle is experimentally created, the wonders of QM become evident.

Quantum entanglement is the phenomenon that occurs when a group of particles are generated, interact, or share spatial proximity in a way such that the quantum state of each particle of the group cannot be described independently of the state of the others, including when the particles are separated by a large distance. The topic of quantum entanglement is at the heart of the disparity between classical and quantum physics: entanglement is a primary feature of quantum mechanics not present in classical mechanics.[1]

This is why precise experiments show how coherence occurs when depicting some of the wonderful mysteries of Quantum Mechanics while decoherence hides the mysteries of same under the guise of classical. :)